One of the best-known cocktails is the martini. Made either with gin or vodka, vermouth and served with an olive on a stick or lemon peel. A simple but timeless classic cocktail.
The origins of the martini cocktail are unclear, but the most popular theory is the drink evolved from the Martinez cocktail which came from a hotel in San Franciso in the 1860s. The Martinez was named after a nearby town and made up of bitters, maraschino, gin and vermouth shaken and served in a large cocktail glass with a lemon slice.
The classic martini had a 2:1 ratio of London Dry Gin to dry vermouth. In the 1930s the rate became 3:1 and in the ’40s 4:1. In the latter part of the 20th century, crept up to 100:1 at the highest. Now the norm is 6:1 ratio.
The martini became the drink of choice in the 1920s. A dry martini is made with dry white vermouth while a perfect martini is with equal amounts of dry and sweet vermouth. A dirty martini contains a splash of olive brine and garnished with an olive.
The fictional spy James Bond famously drank Vodka martinis, shaken not stirred. The proper name for a shaken martini is Bradford. A classic martini is stirred so that the molecules lie sensuously on top of each other. A martini can also be served on the rocks, poured over ice cubes in an old fashioned glass.
- 60ml gin
- 15ml Dry Vermouth
- Olive or Lemon Peel to garnish
- Mixing glass
- Pour the gin & vermouth into a mixing glass with plenty of ice
- Stir into cold on the outside
- Strain into a martini glass
- Garnish with an olive on a stick or a lemon peel twist